Solid wood is milled from a single 3/4" thick piece of hardwood. Because of its thickness, a solid hardwood floor can be sanded and refinished over several generations of use. Solid wood flooring expands and contracts with changes in your home's relative humidity. Normally, installers compensate for this movement by leaving an expansion gap between the floor and the wall. Base molding or quarter round is traditionally used to hide the extra space.


Engineered wood is produced with three to seven layers of hardwood. Each layer is stacked in a cross-grain configuration and bonded together under heat and pressure. As a result, engineered wood flooring is less likely to be affected by changes in humidity and can be installed at all levels of the home. Within the last five years the finishes on engineered hardwood floors have become some of the best styles and visuals in any category.

Luxury Vinyl

Luxury Vinyl Plank (LVP) or Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT)  is currently the largest growth segment in any floor covering product. Vinyl is waterproof therefore extremely durable in an active home.  It works well to install below grade (in your basement) Or in the wet areas of your home.  Vinyl plank can be glued down or floated over wood underlay concrete or gypcrete.  

Laminate Flooring  

Laminate flooring offers a wide selection of designs that offer the look and feel of beautiful hardwood, ceramic tile, and slate. Laminate is a composite designed to endure more-than-average wear and tear. A direct-pressure manufacturing process fuses layers into one extremely hard surface.

Laminate is constructed of four layers:

  • The back is reinforced with melamine for structural stability and moisture resistance
  • Providing the floor's beauty, the decorative layer is actually a highly detailed photograph that gives the laminate the appearance of wood or tile
  • Melamine wear top layer is a tough, clear finish reinforced with aluminum oxide, one of the hardest mineral compounds known to man, to resist staining, fading, surface moisture, and wear

The resulting floor is a technological breakthrough. There's no staining, no fading, and no wear through.

The location of your hardwood flooring basically falls into three categories:

  • On Grade - at ground level
  • Above Grade - any second level or higher
  • Below Grade - any floor below ground level, including basements or sunken living rooms.

Traditional solid hardwood flooring is not well suited for below-grade installations, because of the possibility of moisture issues.  The construction of an engineered hardwood gives it enhanced structural stability that allows it to be installed at any grade level.  The same is true for vinyl plank and laminate floors. 

If you plan to install over concrete, you should use an engineered, laminate or vinyl plank floor to ensure structural integrity. 

If you are considering flooring for a bathroom where continuous moisture is expected, you will want to select a product other than hardwood.  While the moisture resistance of an engineered hardwood makes it suitable for rooms below grade or ground level when installed with a moisture barrier, it is not advisable to install any hardwood flooring in a bathroom.